Isnin, 12 Mac 2012

call by reference VS call by value

Dear students, observe output of the program below.
If you still not understand it, feel free to contact me.

//Program menunjukkan fungsi call by reference vs call by value

void ref(int&, int&);//call by reference
void val(int,int);// call by value
void main()
 int x=5,y=7;
 int q=6, r= 12;

 cout<<"Value of x and y in main function"<<endl;
 cout<<"Value of x="<<x<<endl<<"Value of y="<<y<<endl<<endl;

 ref(x,y);//memanggil fungsi ref
 cout<<"Value of x and y in main function after ref function called"<<endl;

 //Lihat perubahan pada nilai x dan y
 cout<<"Value of x="<<x<<endl<<"Value of y="<<y<<endl<<endl;

 cout<<"Value of q and r in main function"<<endl;

 cout<<"Value of q="<<q<<endl<<"Value of r="<<r<<endl<<endl;

 val(q,r);//memanggil fungsi val

 cout<<"Value of q and r in main function after val function called"<<endl;

 //Lihat adakah nilai pada q dan r berubah?
 cout<<"Value of q="<<q<<endl<<"Value of r="<<r<<endl<<endl;

//fungsi yang menggunakan konsep call by reference
void ref(int &a, int &c)

 cout<<"value of x and y in the val function"<<endl;
 cout<<"Value of x="<<a<<endl<<"Value of y="<<c<<endl<<endl;
//fungsi menunjukkan konsep call by value
void val(int d, int e)

 cout<<"value of q and r in the val function"<<endl;
 cout<<"Value of q="<<d<<endl<<"Value of r="<<e<<endl<<endl;


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